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Saturday, October 17, 2020 | History

2 edition of Contamination and groundwater quality in the Birmingham aquifer found in the catalog.

Contamination and groundwater quality in the Birmingham aquifer

Kevin Andrew Shepherd

Contamination and groundwater quality in the Birmingham aquifer

by Kevin Andrew Shepherd

  • 214 Want to read
  • 26 Currently reading

Published by University of Birmingham in Birmingham .
Written in English


Edition Notes

Thesis (Ph.D.) - University of Birmingham, School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences, 2003.

Statementby Kevin Andrew Shepherd.
The Physical Object
Paginationxviii, 287 p. ;
Number of Pages287
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL21688719M

Groundwater is the water present beneath Earth's surface in soil pore spaces and in the fractures of rock formations.A unit of rock or an unconsolidated deposit is called an aquifer when it can yield a usable quantity of water. The depth at which soil pore spaces or fractures and voids in rock become completely saturated with water is called the water table. U.S. Geological Survey Books and Open-File Reports Section National Center Federal Center Reston, VA Box Potential sources of ground-water contamination are nu­ merous in Florida. Some of these sources include 6, surface WATER QUALITY IN PRINCIPAL AQUIFERS The principal aquifers in Florida are the Biscayne aquifer.

Groundwater Quality and Groundwater Pollution some highly porous or cavernous volcanic and karstic aquifers, groundwater speed may be 10, feet (roughly 2 miles) per year or more. Nonpoint source groundwater pollutant transport must be kept in mind when assessing ground-water pollution sources and defining monitoring programs. In the UK, first time evidence for the depth and extent of microbiological contamination of groundwater deriving from sewage pollution in two types of sandstone aquifers in Birmingham and Nottingham has been presented ; this study was carried out over a month period and showed that distinct types of foecal bacteria and viruses can penetrate.

tool to assess the potential risk of contamination of a given groundwater body. If tritium is present, the transit time of water from the recharge area to the aquifer is short, as is the residence time of groundwater in the aquifer. This lowers the chance of any contaminant dis-solved in the recharge water to become adsorbed by the aquifer matrix. (fresh groundwater) Confined aquifer (brackish groundwater) Credit: Geraghty & Miller, Pathways of groundwater contamination vary depending on the source. Examples of sources are shown here for each of OTA’S six source categories (I-VI) (see the section on Types of Sources and Associated Substances, below). not enter or greatly affect.


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Contamination and groundwater quality in the Birmingham aquifer by Kevin Andrew Shepherd Download PDF EPUB FB2

A survey of the organic-water quality of the Birmingham Triassic Sandstone aquifer was conducted using 59 supply boreholes. Additional shallow-groundwater quality data were obtained from 15 monitoring wells.

Chlorinated solvents are widespread, trichloroethylene was detected in 78% of supply boreholes. Trichloroethylene was frequently observed at high levels with 40% of supply boreholes Cited by: Aquifers get water from precipitation (rain and snow) that filters through the unsaturated zone.

Aquifers can also receive water from surface waters like lakes and rivers. When the aquifer is full, and the water table meets the surface of the ground, water stored in the aquifer can appear at the land surface as a spring or seep.

Recharge. Organic contamination of the Birmingham aquifer, U.K.J. Hydrol., A survey of the organic-water quality of the Birmingham Triassic Sandstone aquifer was conducted using 59 supply boreholes. Additional shallow-groundwater quality data were obtained from 15 Cited by: Abstract.

Sponsored by the Groundwater Quality Committee of the Environmental and Water Resources Institute of ASCE. Groundwater Contamination by Organic Pollutants surveys important technologies used in the remediation of contaminated aquifers and provides a detailed analysis of each approach.

Groundwater contamination by organic pollutants has become an important topic since the early. Fully updated and expanded into two volumes, the new edition of Groundwater Contamination explains in a comprehensive way the sources for groundwater contamination, the regulations governing it, and the technologies for abating it.

This volume discusses aquifer management and strategies for stormwater control and groundwater restoration. A number o. The High Plains aquifer underlies million acres (, square miles) in parts of eight States—Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas, and Wyoming.

Aquifers and groundwater are prone to pollution and contamination. Hydrogeology is the science of groundwater that helps develop a correct understanding of the aquifers. The emphasis in planning will increasingly have to shift to the management of groundwater including.

impact on ground water quality. aluminum, selenium, and arsenic, as well as petroleum, microorganisms, and brine (salty water).

contamination of aquifers by pesticides travelling long distances is unlikely. Instead, pesticide contamination of shallow aquifers. Alves, P.F. and Tellam, J.H. () The impact of horse dung on urban groundwater quality in the Birmingham Triassic Sandstone aquifer, UK, submitted to.

ALL Publications – Dr Michael Rivett at 1 November Page 1 Academic Journal Articles Rivett, M.O., Ellis, P.A., Mackay, R., Urban groundwater baseflow influence upon inorganic river-water quality: the River Tame headwaters catchment in the City of Birmingham, UK.

An investigation was conducted from to to collect and interpret hydrogeologic and ground-water-quality data specific to the Shelby County landfill in east Memphis, Tennessee. Eighteen wells were installed in the alluvial and Memphis aquifers at the landfill. Hydrogeologic data collected showed that the confining unit separating the alluvial aquifer from the Memphis aquifer was thin.

Management of a groundwater system, an aquifer, or a system of aquifers, means making such decisions as to the total quantity of water to be withdrawn annually, the location of wells for pumping and for artificial recharge and their rates, and control conditions at aquifer boundaries.

Not less important are decisions related to groundwater qUality. Groundwater contamination and natural attenuation capacity at a petroleum Integrated resistivity and water chemistry for evaluation of groundwater quality of the Gulf of Aqaba coastal area in Saudi Arabia Source, type and extent of inorganic contamination within the Birmingham urban aquifer system, UK.

Journal of. Invarious UN organizations launched a collaborative effort to assess the vulnerability of groundwater in several African cities. The project addressed the issue of aquifer vulnerability and the protection of groundwater quality.

This book is a collection of thirty peer-reviewed papers on the topic, and provides a glimpse of the situation across the continent. The book begins. Continuing in its forty-year history of providing students and professionals with a thorough grounding in the science and technology of groundwater hydrology, this third edition has been completely updated to reflect the tremendous changes in the field.

A true essential reference, this book provides a unified presentation of groundwater hydrology, treating fundamental principles, methods and. Groundwater Modelling is an efficient tool for groundwater management and remediation.

Models are a simplification of reality to investigate certain phenomena or to predict future behaviour. COVID Resources. Reliable information about the coronavirus (COVID) is available from the World Health Organization (current situation, international travel).Numerous and frequently-updated resource results are available from this ’s WebJunction has pulled together information and resources to assist library staff as they consider how to handle coronavirus.

Developing statistically based metrics of nonpoint source groundwater contamination and assessing the role of aquifer heterogeneity versus pumping rate and well depth on these metrics Developing the mSim software using a suite of Matlab functions for simulating nonpoint source (NPS) pollution in groundwater aquifers at high resolution over.

Groundwater chemistry varies widely as a function of complex and interacting geological, geochemical, hydrogeological and climatic factors. These give rise to large variations in chemical quality — in both space and time — at a range of scales.

The baseline for a given chemical will vary significantly both between and within aquifers. *** NEW: Download the e-book 2nd edition of 'Groundwater - our hidden asset'!*** Groundwater is a source of drinking water for millions of people in the UK. It supports our rivers and wetlands and the plants and wildlife that exist in and around them.

But groundwater is under threat from our increasing water needs, pollution and climate change. The increasing concentration of nitrogen compounds in the groundwater is of a growing concern in terms of human health and groundwater quality. Although an excess of nitrogen compounds in the groundwater of the Kathmandu Valley has been reported, the seasonal variations of the fate of the nitrogen compounds and their relationships to the subsurface sediments are unknown.DEQ’s Statewide Groundwater Quality Monitoring Program - Present areas of the state that are especially vulnerable to groundwater contamination; status of ambient groundwater quality; long term trends in groundwater quality; emerging groundwater quality problems; and to inform groundwater users of potential risks from contamination”.An aquifer is an underground layer of water-bearing permeable rock, rock fractures or unconsolidated materials (gravel, sand, or silt).

Groundwater can be extracted using a water study of water flow in aquifers and the characterization of aquifers is called d terms include aquitard, which is a bed of low permeability along an aquifer, and aquiclude (or aquifuge.